Waste generation is the inefficient use of materials from a variety of applications, like the industrial industry, and can be monitored by tracking the amount of waste collected, its composition, and the effect of waste once gathered. Industrial waste is created from businesses using chemicals and various processes to create an end product or service, and the materials not used are leftover.
Management of the materials is achieved through reuse, recycling, storage, treatment, and/or disposal. Most hazardous wastes from industrial applications are deposited into landfills, surface impoundments, land treatment, land farming, and underground injection. Due to the effects of hazardous waste containment, many systems have monitoring programs to limit exposure outside containment boundaries. Approaches to managing wastes can be complex due to health concerns and the need to control odors. One method of disposal was excavation specifically for wastes but was deemed unethical from degraded air quality in urbanized areas. Managing industrial waste is very important since it can lead to groundwater contamination, methane gas formation and migration, and disease vector hazards.
The effects of industrial waste depend on its composition and how it is managed. Hazardous waste can have a negatively large impact on human health as well as the environment (via gas emitted into the atmosphere), leading to the importance of proper monitoring techniques from companies depositing waste as well as regulations of disposal and management from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Another way to monitor industrial waste is data collected from ROE indicators to provide statistical trends of generation and management once no longer needed. The two indicators are Municipal Solid Waste and RCRA Hazardous Waste. Both indicators measure data trends for certain types of wastes as well as their intensity of consumption. Waste monitoring and management help visualize the amount of waste being produced, the effects in the containment locations, and help create solutions for better methods of disposal if the waste cannot be reused or recycled to some capacity.
While there have been many changes in the management of industrial waste over a couple of decades, proper methods of disposal to maintain environmental and human safety are still being contemplated. Ensuring the proper facilities and locations are in place for your company’s industrial waste can assist in the protection of your business as well as the overall health and safety of individuals.